Traditionally has involved operating directly on the arteries and the veins of the body. In the past this has involved significantly large operations, incisions and prolonged recover times. Occasionally traditional surgery is required for complex situations. However, in the twenty-first century, there is a powerful move for most interventions in vascular surgery to be conducted by percutaneous techniques, minimally invasive techniques, angiographic and ultrasonic control of procedures. The ultimate result of this approach is that most patients can be treated under local anaesthetic with sedation, by percutaneous needle puncture alone and be day only surgery. This means more rapid recovery and earlier return to normal daily activities for the patient.

Information On Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy

Venous Occlusive Disease

Venous occlusive disease is most frequently a result of a DVT (deep venous thrombosis). DVT can involve the upper or the lower limb or vessels of the abdomen. Orthodox management of an acute DVT at any site usually involves the administration of a drug to stop the blood from clotting.

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Arterial Occlusive Disease

Disease of arteries can be classified broadly into two categories. These are occlusive and aneurysmal disease of arteries. Occlusive disease of large and medium sized arteries is caused by atherosclerosis which is a condition of the artery wall in which cholesterol is deposited in the layers of the artery wall.

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Arterial Aneurysm

Aneurysms of blood vessels are an abnormal outpouching or dilation of the blood vessel wall and which is localised to a specific segment. Most frequently aneurysms of the vascular system involve arteries because of the high blood pressure that is exerted on the wall of these vessels. This combined with the weakness in the wall results in the formation of an aneurysm. The larger the diameter of the aneurysm the thinner the tissue in the wall becomes and the more the aneurysm is predisposed to rupture. 

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